Psalm 2 is one of the ten Old Testament chapters most quoted in the New Testament.
6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. 7 I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.
Hebrews 1:5 confirms that Psalm 2 was fulfilled by Jesus. But when is, was or will Jesus be seated as king on God’s holy hill?
Many Christians think of Jesus as always having been King, by virtue of him being Son of God and coequal with God. Others believe Jesus was born King and remained throughout his life, after all he preached the gospel of the Kingdom of God and was crucified with a sign reading “King of the Jews” over his head.
But Luke and Paul both indicate that Jesus was not King eternally, not even during his entire life on earth, but rather became King at a particular time. Acts 2 and Romans 1 both address the event of Jesus being made King so to say;
32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. 33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool. 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
“Paul … 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; 4 And made to be/constituted to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.”
Many bible versions read “And declared to be the Son of God” but the more accurate rendering of the Greek horizo would read “And made to be/constituted”. According to the NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon;
to mark out the boundaries or limits (of any place or thing) 1b to determine, appoint
- that which has been determined, acc. to appointment, decree
- to ordain, determine, appoint
So in a very real sense, Jesus was not King or Son of God until he was raised from the dead. This fact highlights his 100% manhood, and makes him a true hero of ours, just like many great military leaders and kings have been heroes such as Alexander the Great, Napoleon, etc.